Must Watch out Social Studies Questions that Might be Part of 2023 BECE

Must Watch out Social Studies Questions that Might be Part of 2023 BECE

SOCIAL STUDIES Questions and Answers

(i) What does the diagram represents?
( i i ) Name the parts labelled I to V
(iii) Name parts A and B
( b ) Outline fours effects of environmental degradation

2. (a) Explain the following:
i. Parallel culture;
ii. Cultural assimilation
(b) List four outmoded culture in Ghana
( b ) Highlight four negative effects of outmoded cultures in Ghana



Answer one question only from this section.
3. (a) Explain the meaning of the term cooperation [4 marks]
(b) List four examples of international organization which Ghana is a member [4 marks]
( c) Outline four benefits Ghana derived from being member of international organizations [12marks]
4. (a) Explain the following
(i) Democracy
(ii) Political stability [ 5marks]
(b) Explain five factors responsible for political stability [15 marks]

Answer one question only from this section.

5. (a) Explain the meaning of saving? [4 marks]
(b) List four avenues for savings towards the future [4 marks]
(b) Outline four reasons for savings [12 marks]
6. (a) Explain the term entrepreneurship [3 marks]
(b) List five types of enterprises in Ghana [5 marks]
(c) Highlight four reasons for more sole proprietorship business in Ghana [12marks


Answer all the questions.

Think carefully before you shade the answer spaces; erase completely any answer you wish to change.
Do all rough work on this question paper. Now answer the following questions.

1. In which war was the British Governor
Sir Charles McCarthy killed?
A. Yaa Asantewaa
B. Sagrenti
C. Battle of Nsamankow
D. Battle of Akatamanso
2. The British Governor who arranged the
Bond of 1844 was
A. Thomas Birch Freeman
B. Commander Hill
C. Ekem Ferguson
D. George Guggisberg
3. Rocks formed by the cooling and
hardening of molten magma from the
earth’s interior are
A. Sedimentary
B. Metamorphic
C. Laterite
D. Igneous
4. In Ghana slums are mostly found in
A. Rural areas
B. Urban areas
C. Highlands
D. Valleys
5. The main function of the executive organ
of government is
A. Interpretation of law
B. Passing of laws
C. Implementation of policies
D. Approval of budget
6. In a statement form, the Representative
Fraction (RF) scale of 1:600,000 can de
written as
A. 1 cm to 600km
B. 1 cm to 60km
C. 1 cm to 6km
D. 1 cm to 6,000km
7. Water pollution can lead to the outbreak
A. Measles
B. Cholera
C. Chicken pox
D. Small pox
8. The best way of increasing productivity
in the agricultural sector is through
A. Effective supervision
B. Planning and target setting
C. The use of modern technology
D. Instituting best farmer’s awards
9. Enjoyment of one’s right is always
accompanied by
A. Allowances
B. Remunerations
C. Entitlements
D. Obligations
10.One of the negative effects of rural-urban
migration is
A. Ethnic conflicts
B. Breakdown of family ties
C. High infant mortality
D. Chieftaincy disputes
11.In Ghana, encouraging greater girl’s
participation in education can help
A. Adultery in society
B. Population growth rate
C. Urban- rural drift
D. Maternal health care centers
12.The nearest planet to the sun is
A. Jupiter
B. Mars
C. Mercury
D. Saturn
13.Which of the following professions
depend on the use of the compass?
A. Doctors
B. Lawyers
C. Pilots
D. Farmers
14.Singing the Ghana National Anthem
inspires the spirit of
A. Belongingness
B. Patriotism
C. Competition
D. Merry-making
15.The coastal towns of Elmina and Cape
Coast are popular tourist centers due to
A. Game and wildlife
B. Forts and castles
C. Beautiful lagoons
D. Natural scenery
16.Cocoa production is classified under
which of the following industries?
A. Secondary
B. Primary
C. Tertiary
D. Cottage
17.Which of the following settlements is a
feature of slum?
A. Dispersed
B. Linear
C. Overcrowded
D. Planned
18.Government policies are implemented at
the District level by the
A. Presiding member
B. Chief executive
C. Coordinating director
D. Regional minister
19.Community conflicts are best settled
A. Police action
B. Court ruling
C. Arbitration and reconciliation
D. Government intervention
20.Which of the following options is not a
responsibility of a Ghanaian?
A. Payment of taxes
B. Participating in political activities
C. Respecting the rights of others
D. Engaging in trading activities
21.Trees grow well in south-western Ghana
because of
A. Low humidity
B. Low temperature
C. Abundant rainfall
D. Sandy soil
22.Promoting National unity in Ghana
greatly depends on
A. Tolerance
B. Kindness
C. Religion
D. Politics
23.The moon is a natural satellite of
A. Mercury
B. Earth
C. Jupiter
D. Mars
24.The most important activity by which an
economy can be improved is
A. Primary production
B. Secondary production
C. Tertiary production
D. Importation of goods
25.Protecting national property is the
A. The police
B. All citizens
C. Government officials
D. The fire services
26.A constitution popularly approved by the
people ensures
A. Ethnic disunity
B. Economic prosperity
C. Good governance
D. Rapid development
27.A country with an ideal population size
A. Good quality of life
B. Increased foreign aid
C. Rapid industrialization
D. Pleasant social environment
28.The transition from childhood to
adulthood is referred to as
A. Adolescence
B. Parenthood
C. Puberty
D. Manhood
29.If the scale of a map is 1: 100,000 and
the distance on the map is 30cm, then the
actual distance on the map is
A. 30 km
B. 0.3 km
C. 3 km
D. 30,000 km
30.The integrity of the nation can be
defended by
A. Encouraging immigration
B. Reporting saboteurs
C. Education the youth
D. Cleaning the environment
31.The people of British Togoland joined
Ghana through
A. Conquest
B. Persuasion
C. Voting
D. Declaration
32.Which of the following towns is a tourist
center in Northern Ghana?
A. Paga
B. Dolgatanga
C. Wa
D. Tamale
33.One of the characteristics of a good law
is that, it should de
A. Applied equally
B. Approved by the electorate
C. Sympathetic to the poor
D. Favorable to the rich
34.Rural- urban drift can be minimized by
the provision of
A. Interest free loans
B. Social amenities
C. Mobile phones
D. Musical instruments
35.One of the ways of minimizing
indiscipline in Ghana is
A. Strict enforcement of laws
B. Provisions of legal aid
C. To pamper the youth
D. To approve of capital punishment
36.The smock and the kente worn by many
Ghanaian on special occasions form part
of Ghana’s
A. Parallel culture
B. Material culture
C. Effective culture
D. Non-material cultures
37.Some ethnic groups in Ghana may resist
cultural change if it
A. Is brought from outside
B. Is a parallel culture
C. Does not address their concerns
D. Allows freedom of worship and
38.One benefit of adolescent chastity is that
A. Encourage stigmatization
B. Reduces self-dignity
C. Increases interrupted education
D. Enhances acceptance by society
39.One problem hindering the effective
functioning of District Assemblies in
Ghana is
A. Rapid population growth
B. Mobilization of funds for development
C. Interference by traditional rulers
D. Maintenance of law and order
40.Private enterprises are established to
A. Make profit for themselves
B. Provide for the needy
C. Provide insurance
D. Pay tax to the government



a. (i) Globe [2marks, correct spelling to score]
(ii) I……….The Antarctic circle
II………..The Tropic of Capricorn
III……….The Equator
IV………..The Tropic of Cancer
V…………The Artic circle
1 mark each, correct spellings to score,
(iii) A………………Northern Hemisphere
B………………..Southern Hemisphere

(b) i. spread of diseases
ii. destruction of natural forest
iii. destruction of water bodies
iv. famine
v. desertification
vi. soil infertility
vii. etc.

i. Parallel culture refers to the practice whereby
two ways of doing the same thing are
adopted while only one could suffice.

ii. Cultural assimilation is the practice where a
society adopt part or whole of other society’s

i. Trokosi system
ii. Female genital mutilation
iii. Cruel widowhood rites
iv. Witch camp
v. Etc.


i. Human rights abuse
ii. Death
iii. Spread of diseases
iv. Social burden
v. Loss of personal dignity
vi. It impedes progress
vii. Low productivity
viii. Etc.



Cooperation is the coming together of two or more
countries to achieve a common goal


Question 3b
ii. UNO
iii. AU
v. Common Wealth
vi. ETC.

Question 3c
i. Assistance in times of trouble
ii. Fiancé of economic development
iii. Advice from experts for development

iv. Maintenance of friendly relation
v. Promotes cultural identity
vi. Humanitarian aid
vii. Etc.

4points 12marks
(i) Democracy is the system of government whereby the
wishes of the people are taken into the account in the
process of government through periodic election
 Mere definition 1 mark
 Mere definition with examples 2 ½ marks
(ii) Political stability is the situation whereby there is a
stable political atmosphere characterised by
democratic means of changing government through
 Mere definition 1mark
 Mere definition with examples 2 ½ marks

Question 4 b
i. Good and workable constitution
ii. Independent judiciary
iii. Rule of law
iv. Periodic election
v. Political tolerance
vi. Respect for human rights



Saving is part of income left after consumption for
future use
Question 5b
i. Bank

ii. Savings and loan
iii. Susu company
iv. Insurance
v. Credit union
vi. Etc.

i. To offset eventuality
ii. To further education
iii. For profit
iv. To avoid unnecessary spending
v. To minimize borrowing
vi. To undertake project

Entrepreneurship is the process of setting up
business by combing the factors of production with
the aim of making profit

Question 6b
i. Sole proprietorship
ii. Co-operatives
iii. Joint stock company
iv. Partnership
v. Public cooperation

Question 6c
i. Easy to form
ii. Small capital needed
iii. No regulation needed
iv. Quicker decision making
v. More privacy
vi. Etc.

1. C
2. B
3. D
4. B
5. C
6. C
7. B
8. C
9. D
10. B
11. B
12. C
13. C
14. B
15. B
16. B
17. C
18. B
19. C
20. D
21. C
22. A
23. B
24. B
25. B
26. C
27. A
28. A
29. A
30. B
31. C
32. A
33. A
34. B
35. A
36. B
37. C
38. D
39. B
40. A

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