Structure Of 2023 Subject Based Ghana Teacher Licensure Examination

The National Teaching Council is mandated by Education Regulatory Bodies Act 2020 (ACT 1023) to regulate the teaching profession in Ghana. As part of the Council’s regulatory functions, it is mandated to conduct examinations for licensing of people who desire to teach. We will be looking at the structure for the 2023 teacher Licensure Examination.

The purpose of the Licensing Examination is to enable qualified teachers to acquire a professional licence and prepare teachers to meet the demands of the National Teachers’ Standards of possessing the minimum knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes necessary to deliver effectively in schools.

Five years after the introduction of GTLE, the Council is embarking on reform to introduce the Subject-Based Ghana
Teacher Licensure Examination (SBGTLE) this year. This is a response to the need to test both the content and professional knowledge of the prospective teachers.

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Here is the structure for this year’s Licensure examination.

Level of Specialisation Early Childhood/ Early Grade 



Junior High


Senior High


Technical/ Vocational

Pedagogy: Early Childhood/ Early GradePedagogy: Primary LevelPedagogy: Junior HighPedagogy:    Senior High SchoolsPedagogy: Technical/ Vocational Schools
  General Professional KnowledgeGeneral Professional KnowledgeGeneral Professional KnowledgeGeneral Professional KnowledgeGeneral Professional Knowledge
**Multiple Subjects Content in early grades**Multiple Subjects

Content in Primary

Single Subject Specialism paperSingle Subject Specialism paper


** Single Subject Specialism paper


Per the new structure, all candidates will write papers on General Professional Knowledge as well as Pedagogy (Pedagogy is the combination of teaching methods (what teachers do), learning activities (what teachers guide their learners to do), and learning assessments (the assignments, projects, or tasks that measure student learning).

The pedagogies are differentiated by levels of specialisation. That is, Early Grade or Early Childhood, Primary, JHS, SHS/SHTS and Technical Vocational Schools. Since prospective teachers for Early Grade/Early Childhood or Primary levels will teach all subjects in their respective classes, they will write Multiple Subjects Content paper for their respective levels.

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All teacher candidates will, in addition to the General Professional Knowledge which comprises essential professional skills, numeracy and literacy contents and Related Pedagogy papers, write one paper in their areas of specialisation.

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